Organic farming has been officially recognised by the French authorities since the Farming Orientation Law of 1980, and was subject to national standards before being regulated at European level since 1991.
EU regulations at first pertained to the production of plants and products derived from them. Their scope was extended to animal production in 1999.
The objectives of this production model are:
• a system of sustainable management of farming
• respect for natural equilibria and biodiversity
• high-quality products obtained without harming the environment or the health or wellbeing of humans, animals or plants.
This production model is based, in particular, on not using synthetic chemicals or GMOs, the recycling of natural waste, crop rotation, and organic pest control.
Grazing-based livestock farming uses organic feed, alternative medicine if necessary, and respects the animals’ welfare.
Processing is based on organic-certified ingredients, restricted use of additives and adjuvants, and non-polluting processes that respect the ecosystem.
Throughout the supply chain, from farmer (via processor, storage agent and importer) to retailer, the practices of organic-farming operators are routinely inspected by bodies approved for their expertise, independence and impartiality. The products offered to consumers are thus quality-certified.